Did Attack Ads Affect Iowa’s Outcome?

There was a willful suspension among GOP candidates of Reagan’s famous 11th Commandment, the one commanding Republicans not to attack a fellow Republicans, in the weeks leading up to the Iowa caucuses. Nearly $2 million was spent on opposition ads for many of 2016’s leading contenders. We calculated the total amount spent on negative television advertisements targeting each candidate.

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Editor’s note: This analysis originally published on Crowdpac’s blog on February 2, 2016.

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