Terry Baum went through several legal hurdles in her race against U.S. Representative Nancy Pelosi as the Green Party candidate.
The common method is to attain a certain percentage from the previous gubernatorial election for a third party to stay on the ballot or a specific number of signatures to qualify. The higher the threshold, the more difficult it will be to officially receive votes on Election Day. Louisiana is one of three states, along with Florida and Oklahoma, which has either a filing fee or petition for third parties.
In an opinion piece in the Telegraph, Bill Ferguson pointed to the flaws in Georgia’s election laws which discriminate against “minor parties.” There are only two recognized parties in the state and it isn’t exactly evenly spread out. Voters like Ferguson would vote for third party candidates if there were more than two lines on the ballots, but Democrats and Republicans can often run unopposed, eliminating any chance of competition.
What’s more, these major party candidates are so often embroiled in the back and forth banter between each other that it leaves out options that best represent any given district. More options allow for greater representation and the two main parties have enough polarization between them that makes more options a necessity. This leads us to…
In North Carolina, voters are not even able to
register as Green Party. The Green Party is formally recognized in 19 states, but North Carolina is not among them. There have been attempts such as through the legislative process to rectify the situation. The Electoral Fairness Acts in 2003 and 2005 failed to go through or did so in a watered down version, respectively. The goal was to lower the thresholds to getting on the ballot. The Voter Freedom Act of 2013 is the latest attempt to at least create suggestions on how to amend the current system.
Since when does 25 equal 40,000? The major parties can easily run their candidate on the ballot with 25 signatures versus 2.5% of votes cast in the previous gubernatorial election, or approximately 40,000, which non-major party candidates are required to get. That threshold is currently being worked on and will likely not remain for much longer.
However, there are only two officially registered parties in the state, the Democratic Party and the Republican Party. To sustain a third party, a candidate would need to receive at least 10 percent of the vote -- the lucky number being over 50,000.
The good news is that the newly elected state House speaker, Jeff Hickman, authored H.B. 2134 which would drop the 5 percent requirement to only 5,000.
West Virginia has had a difficult time with giving third parties better chances at the ballot box. In 2007, it was compared to Oklahoma as one of the worst in the nation. In 2009, a bill passed which cut the petition requirement in half, from 2 percent to 1 percent. The statewide elections since have seen third party candidates from the Constitution Party to the Mountain (Green) Party, but West Virginia is one of a few states with strict ballot access laws to make the transition to a less restrictive system.