Historically, as voting became the ritual expression of citizenship, partisanship began to be cast as degraded citizenship, and voting along partisan lines was seen as a sign of both gullibility or cronyism.

Historically, as voting became the ritual expression of citizenship, partisanship began to be cast as degraded citizenship, and voting along partisan lines was seen as a sign of both gullibility or cronyism.

Nancy Rosenblum, professor of government at Harvard

BBC