Germany Returns to Coal Power as Nuclear Sits Idle

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Credit: treehugger.com

 

Coal power use will rise an estimated 13.5 percent in Germany this year, resulting in at least 14 million metric tons of additional carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions, even as the nation continues to idle two-fifths of its nuclear power fleet.

The major reduction in European energy demand and industrial output caused by the global recession has led CO2 emissions to slide faster than the emissions reductions mandated by either the Emissions Trading Scheme or the EU’s commitments under the Kyoto Protocol. Yet instead of accelerating emissions cuts, the ironic economics of the carbon trading system have justified a return to coal in Germany and elsewhere, as a glut of emissions permits drives down the cost of carbon pollution and makes coal highly profitable once again.

The odd logic of the emissions targets and timetables has even been used by German greens (and their defenders internationally) to justify trading zero carbon nuclear for greater coal combustion. Germany’s decision last year to power down eight of its 17 nuclear reactors leaves idle enough zero carbon power to drive down the country’s CO2 emissions another 21 percent from 2008 levels. Yet instead of sounding the alarm at this huge missed opportunity as the nation instead turns back towards coal, some German greens have gone so far as to claim Germany literally “has the right” to eschew nuclear in favor of much greater emissions levels than necessary.

So much for the extreme urgency of climate mitigation…

As the German green think tank, Heinrich Boll Stiftung, admits with honesty, shuttering the nation’s nuclear plants will most certainly increase carbon emissions. But according to a pamphlet from the think tank, “Germany actually has the right to increase its carbon emissions since it completely blew past its Kyoto target of a 21 percent reduction [below 1990 levels by 2012].”

There you have the odd logic of emissions trading. And an unfortunate missed opportunity for much deeper carbon cuts.

(This article was excerpted from The Breakthrough Institute, where it first appeared.)

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2 comments
Kaitlin Kirkconnell
Kaitlin Kirkconnell

I feel like this article belittles Germany's reasons for shutting down nuclear power. They aren't switching because they think they have the right to have higher emissions, but because the people don't think it is safe. Even if they missed their Kyoto target, I'm pretty sure they'd be shutting them down because the germans prefer the short term rise in coal use to the potential long term consequenses of nuclear powerplant disasters.

Dan Richards
Dan Richards

To be honest, I do not fall for the global warming non-sense. Nuclear energy is like sitting on a time-bomb with a short; you'll never know when it will come back to bite you. America like most nations using this power is still paying for damages caused by this energy from 1951 (?) shielding leak that is still causing birth defects and cancer, to recent damage caused by leaking storage that poisoned a town's only water supply. Coal is less dangerous, and a better product to use. .